Mound City was first granted to a white owner in 1798; and in less than 40 years the busy Ohio and Erie Canal passed
nearby. When Squier and Davis surveyed the site in 1846, the forest still preserved most of the mounds. But soon the
land was cleared for farming. Plows passed right over the walls, and most of the mounds, year after year.
In 1917, the land was bought by the Federal Government for Camp Sherman, a World War I training camp. The army was shaving off all the mounds to build barracks when Henry Shetrone of the Ohio Historical Society stepped in and asked that the central mound be spared. In 1923, the site became a National Monument, and three years later the Ohio Historical Society restored the mounds. Since 1992, Mound City has been the center of the Hopewell Culture National Historical Park.